ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM
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Title Smoking and Dental Implant Treatment
Clinical Question How does the prognosis for dental implant placement compare between smokers and nonsmokers?
Clinical Bottom Line Evidence shows that the success of dental implant treatment is significantly affected by smoking. A smoker is two times more likely to experience an implant failure than a nonsmoker. (See Comments on the CAT below)
Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link)
PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type
(level of evidence)
#1) 17509093Strietzel/2007Smokers and nonsmokers undergoing dental implant treatment. 35 studies out of 139 identified were included in this review.Meta-analysis
Key resultsOverall, the evidence indicates that smokers are two times more likely to experience implant failure than a nonsmoker (patient-related OR 2.25, implant-related 2.64).
Evidence Search PubMed Search: "Risk Factors"[Mesh] AND "Smoking"[Mesh] AND "Dental Implants"[Mesh] Limits: Meta-Analysis, English
Comments on
The Evidence
The definition of a smoker varied between the studies, so the authors decided to define a smoker as anyone who smokes. The explanation of the results might be more straightforward if they were expressed as a comparison of percent failures or successes.
Applicability The results are relevant to any smoker seeking dental implant treatment.
Specialty/Discipline (General Dentistry) (Oral Surgery) (Periodontics)
Keywords Dental implants; smoking; risk factors; oral surgery; implant failure
ID# 463
Date of submission: 01/04/2010spacer
E-mail FrancisJ@uthscsa.edu
Author Gregory R. Caldwell
Co-author(s) J. Christian Francis
Co-author(s) e-mail
Faculty mentor/Co-author Thomas Oates, DMD, PhD
Faculty mentor/Co-author e-mail OATES@uthscsa.edu
Basic Science Rationale
(Mechanisms that may account for and/or explain the clinical question, i.e. is the answer to the clinical question consistent with basic biological, physical and/or behavioral science principles, laws and research?)
post a rationale
None available
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Comments on the CAT
(FOR PRACTICING DENTISTS' and/or FACULTY COMMENTS ON PUBLISHED CATs)
post a comment
by Matt Orsatti (San Antonio, TX) on 04/09/2012
In March 2012, a PubMed search was completed. The publications listed in this CAT present the highest level of evidence and are up to date.
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