ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM
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Title Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index
Clinical Question Are obese individuals more susceptible to dental caries than non-obese individuals?
Clinical Bottom Line There is a non-linear association between BMI and dental caries. Individuals with either high or low Body Mass Index (BMI) are susceptible to dental caries.
Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link)
PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type
(level of evidence)
#1) 23171603Hooley/201248 studies from 2004-2011 age 0-18 yearsSystematic Review
Key results48% of the studies reviewed found no association between BMI and dental caries; 35% showed positive association; and 19% showed inverse association. There is a non-linear relationship between BMI and dental caries, with more occurrences in individuals with either high or low BMI, possibly involving different factors.
Evidence Search ("Obesity"[Mesh]) AND "Dental Caries"[Mesh] But this article was found under “Related Citations in Pubmed” and there was no MeSH terms to find this article.
Comments on
The Evidence
This paper is a systematic review of all studies that investigated the relationship of obesity and dental caries up to 2011, including the first and only systematic review conducted on this topic in 2004. The authors explained in detail that the non-linear association between BMI and caries may be the cause of the inconsistent findings in all studies investigating this topic. It is believed that the inconsistent findings may be a reflection of the multi-factorial nature of both BMI and dental caries, especially their dependency on diet and lifestyle. So there is a lot of confounding factors involved in these two diseases that many of the studies may not have accounted for in their analysis.
Applicability This information can be used in any professional setting for providing health education to patients, especially with regards to the adverse effects of obesity on oral health.
Specialty/Discipline (General Dentistry) (Pediatric Dentistry)
Keywords Obesity, Dental caries, Body mass index
ID# 2365
Date of submission: 02/25/2013spacer
E-mail suhem@livemail.uhtscsa.edu
Author Eunjin Suh
Co-author(s)
Co-author(s) e-mail
Faculty mentor/Co-author Bennett T. Amaechi, BDS, MSc, PhD
Faculty mentor/Co-author e-mail Amaechi@uthscsa.edu
Basic Science Rationale
(Mechanisms that may account for and/or explain the clinical question, i.e. is the answer to the clinical question consistent with basic biological, physical and/or behavioral science principles, laws and research?)
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Comments on the CAT
(FOR PRACTICING DENTISTS' and/or FACULTY COMMENTS ON PUBLISHED CATs)
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